Types come from God

Example 1. By design (pattern)
Hebrews 8:1-5 (ESV)

1 Now the point in what we are saying is this: we have such a high priest, one who is seated at the right hand of the throne of the Majesty in heaven, 2 a minister in the holy places, in the true tent that the Lord set up, not man…​ 4 Now if he [Jesus] were on earth, he would not be a priest at all, since there are priests who offer gifts according to the law.

Importance implied
Hebrews 8:5 (ESV)

5 They serve a copy and shadow of the heavenly things. For when Moses was about to erect the tent, he was instructed by God, saying, “See that you make everything according to the pattern (typos) that was shown you on the mountain.”

Exodus 25:40 (ESV)

40 And see that you make them after the pattern for them, which is being shown you on the mountain.


The tent (tabernacle), Levitical Priests serve a copy, shadow


Heaven, Jesus, our high priest is seated in heaven, the true tent (tabernacle)

God’s warning to Moses about building the copy

“See that you make everything according to the pattern (typos) that was shown you on the mountain.”

God helped Moses build the tabernacle (type) according to His plans

Exodus 31:1-11 (ESV)

1 The LORD said to Moses,

  • 2 “See, I have called by name Bezalel the son of Uri, son of Hur, of the tribe of Judah,

    • 3 and I have filled him with the Spirit of God, with ability and intelligence, with knowledge and all craftsmanship,

    • 4 to devise artistic designs, to work in gold, silver, and bronze, 5 in cutting stones for setting, and in carving wood, to work in every craft.

  • 6 And behold, I have appointed with him Oholiab, the son of Ahisamach, of the tribe of Dan.

  • And I have given to all able men ability,

that they may make all that I have commanded you:

  • 7 the tent of meeting, and the ark of the testimony,

  • and the mercy seat that is on it,

  • and all the furnishings of the tent,

  • 8 the table and its utensils,

  • and the pure lampstand with all its utensils,

  • and the altar of incense,

  • 9 and the altar of burnt offering with all its utensils,

  • and the basin and its stand,

  • 10 and the finely worked garments,

    • the holy garments for Aaron the priest

    • and the garments of his sons,

    • for their service as priests,

  • 11 and the anointing oil

  • and the fragrant incense for the Holy Place.

According to all that I have commanded you, they shall do.”

What does this type, antitype show?

An excerpt from Hebrews, the tabernacle was an earthly place of holiness

Hebrews 9:1-14 (ESV)

1 Now even the first covenant had regulations for worship and an earthly place of holiness. 2 For a tent was prepared, the first section, in which were the lampstand and the table and the bread of the Presence. It is called the Holy Place. 3 Behind the second curtain was a second section called the Most Holy Place, 4 having the golden altar of incense and the ark of the covenant covered on all sides with gold, in which was a golden urn holding the manna, and Aaron’s staff that budded, and the tablets of the covenant. 5 Above it were the cherubim of glory overshadowing the mercy seat. Of these things we cannot now speak in detail.

More types alluded to that the writer doesn’t have time to talk about.

Below we are told that the Holy Spirit was using these types to [indicate] that the way into the holy places is not yet open as long as the 1st section is still standing

6 These preparations having thus been made, the priests go regularly into the first section, performing their ritual duties, 7 but into the second only the high priest goes, and he but once a year, and not without taking blood, which he offers for himself and for the unintentional sins of the people. 8 By this the Holy Spirit indicates that the way into the holy places is not yet opened as long as the first section is still standing 9 (which is symbolic for the present age). According to this arrangement, gifts and sacrifices are offered that cannot perfect the conscience of the worshiper, 10 but deal only with food and drink and various washings, regulations for the body imposed until the time of reformation. Redemption Through the Blood of Christ

What happens when the antitype shows up?

11 But when Christ appeared as a high priest of the good things that have come, then through the greater and more perfect tent (not made with hands, that is, not of this creation) 12 he entered once for all into the holy places, not by means of the blood of goats and calves but by means of his own blood, thus securing an eternal redemption. 13 For if the blood of goats and bulls, and the sprinkling of defiled persons with the ashes of a heifer, sanctify for the purification of the flesh, 14 how much more will the blood of Christ, who through the eternal Spirit offered himself without blemish to God, purify our conscience from dead works to serve the living God.

The point is: a type is used to help us understand the antitype better

With this in mind, lets take a look at a familiar story


The point of what we’re trying to do here is to show the importance God places on the type in a type, antitype relationship

  1. Because He designed it

  2. Because He built them (perfectly, even giving miraculous abilities, if necessary)

  3. Because the purpose of the type is to show how important the antitype is

Another point to make is: finding & investigating types, antitypes in the scriptures is not something man made up. We’re not stretching the words to make it say something it doesn’t. We’re looking at the actual words given and trying to discover what is actually being said!

Nadab & Abihu

We’re going to look at what happens to Nadab & Abihu to show us the importance God places on types (in this case the activity performed by Nadab & Abihu).

Leviticus 10:1-11 (ESV)

1 Now Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, each took his censer and put fire in it and laid incense on it and offered unauthorized fire before the LORD, which he had not commanded them. 2 And fire came out from before the LORD and consumed them, and they died before the LORD. 3 Then Moses said to Aaron, “This is what the LORD has said: ‘Among those who are near me I will be sanctified, and before all the people I will be glorified.’” And Aaron held his peace. 4 And Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said to them, “Come near; carry your brothers away from the front of the sanctuary and out of the camp.” 5 So they came near and carried them in their coats out of the camp, as Moses had said. 6 And Moses said to Aaron and to Eleazar and Ithamar his sons, “Do not let the hair of your heads hang loose, and do not tear your clothes, lest you die, and wrath come upon all the congregation; but let your brothers, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning that the LORD has kindled. 7 And do not go outside the entrance of the tent of meeting, lest you die, for the anointing oil of the LORD is upon you.” And they did according to the word of Moses. 8 And the LORD spoke to Aaron, saying, 9 “Drink no wine or strong drink, you or your sons with you, when you go into the tent of meeting, lest you die. It shall be a statute forever throughout your generations. 10 You are to distinguish between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean, 11 and you are to teach the people of Israel all the statutes that the LORD has spoken to them by Moses.”

What can we learn from this?

God expects to respected & demands respect

A type has great responsibility

Husbands of types of Jesus! We represent Jesus

Wives represent the church

God says: "vengence is mine, I will repay!"

We can determine what is right & wrong when we compare it to the type, antitype

  • Since the husband, wife relationship typifies Christ and His church (worshippers)

    • ANY sexual relationship that does not show Christ and His church is a wrong relationship

    • Prostitution is wrong, it typifies idolitry. One woman (the church/worshipper) with multiple men (deities, ie false gods). Now we can understand why God calls Israel & Judah prostitutes in the Old Testament.

    • Heterosexual fornication is wrong. Worshipper & deity union with no commitment, no convenant, no testament, etc

    • Homosexual fornication is wrong. The husband (males) represent deity. Two gods do not represent Christ and His church

    • Lesbian fornication is wrong. Two worshippers do not represent Christ and His Church.